Money Laundering Disclosures and Banks’ Performance
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Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the extent of Anti Money Laundering (AML) disclosures in the annual reports and websites by differentiating between UAE Islamic and conventional banks, and examine the effect of AML disclosure on UAE bank’s performance. Design/methodology/approach: This study uses the content analysis to explore the extent of the AML disclosure in the annual reports and the dynamic panel data two- steps robust system to study the impact of the AML disclosures on banking performance. Findings: The findings show that the AML disclosure is at low level of all UAE banks, conventional and Islamic banks. The results also show that the degree of the AML disclosure on the websites of the banks is higher than in the annual reports. Research limitations/implications: The sample for this study comes only from banks traded on UAE markets. Thus, the results may not be generalizable to banks traded on other financial markets. Practical implications: Due to the cross-border character of the money laundry practices, our study suggests to UAE central bank to internationalize the AML regulations and develop an international AML regime as efforts to respond to the international development of the money laundry practices. Originality/value: This is the first study that develops an index to measure the AML disclosure and contributes significantly in providing greater insight in respect to the AML disclosure in banking industry within the emerging markets.