Productive workplace behaviour at the governmental sector: the case of the UAE
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The purpose of this paper is to explore the factors that influence the improvement of productive work behavior (PWB) in the dynamic, ergonomic nature. The analytic hierarchy process (AHP) is used, in experiment 1, to select and priorities the most relevant criteria for improvement of PWB. A multi-criteria method is used to analyze and compare the importance of four main criteria and 16 sub-criteria identified from previous studies. The structural equation modelling (SEM) is also used to validate the findings of experiment 1.This study revealed that not all criteria are considered important for improving PWB. Flexibility and job specifications were the top-scored criteria. These criteria collectively accounted for more than 65% of the four studied criteria. The SEM emphasised the significance of flexibility and job description of the changing dynamics of organisational regulation during the contemporary economic and managerial turmoil.This study explored the criteria required to improve PWB. The findings recommend that future studies should be designed to identify new elements and add new criteria and test the newly introduced variables at a physical workplace after the outbreak ends. Knowledge of the differential impacts of the criteria on the performance of PWB govern decision-makers in private and governmental organization , especially at such times of economic turmoil and need for innovative strategies. Few studies have explored workplace behavior and the environment in the government sector. Therefore, the focus of this study is the comprehensive coverage of workplace behavior and the criteria influencing its productivity before and during the coronavirus outbreak.