Information ethics from an Islamic perspective
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The Web of networks has created a convenient global environment for people to work, socialize, learn, buy, and sell. The Web has also been used as a tool to breach privacy, gain illegal possession of property, battlefield for cyber warfare, and in some cases, cause loss of life. The field of ‘information ethics’ was developed to curb this negative impact. Elrod and Smith (2005) define information ethics as a “field that applies ethical principles within the context of information provision, control, and use. This field considers issues about all aspects of information technology and information systems for personal, professional, and public decision-making.” Moore (2005) defines information ethics as having three public interests related to privacy, property, and control. Mason (1986) proposes a different set consisting of privacy, accuracy, property, and access.