Predicting the Behavioural Intention for Cash Waqf: Evidence from Malaysia and Thailand
Rahman, Shafia Abdul
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Cash waqf is one of the mechanisms of charitable behavior in Islamic belief and has been recognized as a way of waqf practice. The objective of this study is to test the relevancy of Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) in predicting the intention to perform cash waqf among the university students. Data for this study was collected through structured questionnaires both in Malaysia and Thailand. A questionnaire using a seven-point scale was employed to collect the data for the current study and items from previous studies were modified to adapt to cash waqf context. The questionnaires were distributed to 400 hundred students of Universiti Teknologi MARA Kelantan Campus, Malaysia and 200 hundred students of Prince of Songkla University Pattani Campus, Thailand. The return rate for Malaysia students is 94.7 percent (379 samples) while Thailand students’ return rate is 86 percent (172 samples). The results obtained from the data collection suggested that all three independent variables (attitude, subjective norm & perceived behavioural control) have significant relationship with the intention to perform cash waqf. Hence, TPB framework explained the intention to perform cash waqf.