An evolutionary algorithm for generalized comparison-based self-diagnosis of multiprocessor systems
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In this article, we consider the problem of self-diagnosis of multiprocessor and multicomputer systems under the generalized comparison model. In this approach, a system consists of a collection n independent heterogeneous processors (or units) interconnected via point-to-point communication links, and it is assumed that at most t of these processors are permanently faulty. For the purpose of diagnosis, system tasks are assigned to pairs of processors and the results are compared. The agreements and disagreements among units are the basis for identifying faulty processors. Such a system is said to be t-diagnosable if, given any complete collection of comparison results, the set of faulty processors can be unambiguously identified. We present an efficient fault identification method based on genetic algorithms. Analysis and simulations are provided, first, to evaluate the genetic parameters of the diagnosis algorithm; second, to show the efficiency of the genetic approach. The new strategy is shown to correctly identify the set of faulty processors, making it an attractive and viable addition or alternative to present fault diagnosis techniques.