Hygrothermal environment effect on the critical buckling load of FGP microbeams with initial curvature integrated by CNT-reinforced skins considering the influence of thickness stretching
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Due to the need for structures with refined properties to bear against different loading conditions, recently, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been used widely to reinforce them. The extremely high stiffness of CNTs makes them significant as one of the best reinforcements to improve the mechanical behaviors of structures. This work focuses on microbeam buckling response with an initial curvature that includes three layers. The mid-layer that is known as the core is constituted of functionally graded porous (FGP) materials and two CNT-reinforced composite skins are bonded to the core to integrate it. The whole structure is affected by the hygrothermal environment and springs and shear layers are put below it. For the first time, for such a structure, a refined shear deformation theory (RSDT) as a higher-order theory that considers thickness stretching effect in polar coordinates is used that presents more accurate results, especially for deeply curved beams. Modified couple stress theory (MCST) in combination with the virtual displacement principle is utilized to establish the governing equations. The obtained results demonstrate the significance of porosity percentage and CNTs’ addition to the skins on the critical nanotubes buckling load. Also, the different behaviors of the microstructure at various temperatures are analyzed and discussed in detail.