The five-factor model of personality and organizational citizenship behavior in United Arab Emirates
Abu Elanain, Hossam M
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Personality traits refer to enduring patterns of thought, emotion, and behavior that are not likely to change over time and explain people’s behavior across different situations (Costa and McCrae, 1989; Funder, 2001). The ﬁve-factor model of personality (FFM) or “Big Five” has inﬂuenced the ﬁeld of personality during the last two decades, providing a signiﬁcant degree of convergence in the trait-factor analytic psychology (Robertson and Callinan, 1998). Many studies have examined the relationship of personality traits to job performance, ﬁnding signiﬁcant relationships between them (eg, Bar-rick and Mount, 1991; Barrick, Mount, and Judge, 2001a; Barrick, Parks, and Mount, 2005; Hurtz and Donovan, 2000; Salgado, 1999). Organizational citizenship behavior (OCB), which is described as a discretionary behavior, has emerged as a popular area for study (Organ, 1990).