Are school leaders culturally intelligent? Validation of the cultural intelligence (CQ) scale in the UAE
Al Dhaheri, Ali
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This paper reports results of testing and validation of the Cultural Intelligence (CQ) Scale in a new location, the culturally diverse United Arab Emirates (UAE), and in a new sector: public and private school leaders. This study surveys 167 school leaders from public and private schools in the UAE using the 20-item version of the CQ Scale, which employs a seven-point Likert response scale of strongly agree to strongly disagree. An examination of the dimensionality of the 20-items was conducted using both principal components analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. Demographics were also gathered. Results from testing and validation of the scale indicated a high level of CQ among school leaders in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. An examination of the dimensionality of the 20-items showed them to fall into the same structure of four sub-components as conceptually conceived: knowledge, strategy, motivation and behaviour. The mean scores for the four components of CQ in this study indicate high cultural intelligence amongst Abu Dhabi school leaders, although the knowledge dimension measured slightly lower. The results confirm previous research that found CQ to be higher in culturally diverse settings, which, according to socio-demographic details gathered in the study applies to the United Arab Emirates. This is the first known study to test the Cultural Intelligence Scale in UAE schools. It answers the call from the CQ Scale developers to validate the scale in diverse contexts.