Stability analysis of fluid film bearings under laminar and turbulent regimes
Gadala, Mohamed S
MetadataShow full item record
Stability of short journal bearings is investigated in bith the linear and nonlinear regimes under laminar and turbulent operating conditions with consideration of drag force effects. Exerted forces on fluid film bearings comprises of two different components. (1) Pressure force components in radial and tangential directions, and (2) Drag force (shear/friction force) components in radial and tangential directions. In most existing literature, related to rotor bearing system supported on journal bearing stability analysis, the effect of fluid film drag force has been neglected. Utilizing Ng-Pan-Elrod model and the modified Reynold's equation, detailed calculation of the turbulent pressure distribution is carried out. Local stability of periodic solutions was studied using Hopf bifurcation theory. The shaft stiffness and inclusion of drag force and turbulent effects were found to play an important role in stability regions and bifurcation profiles of a flexible rotor bearing system. It was found that for shafts supported on short journal bearings, consideration of drag force effect could lead to expansion of un-stable region at high Sommerfeld numbers (low shaft static loads). Dynamic coefficients of short length journal bearing were analytically calculated under laminar and turbulent regimes based on Ng–Pan–Elrod model. Linear stability charts of a flexible rotor supported on laminar and turbulent journal bearings are found by calculating the threshold speed of instability associated to the start of instable oil whirl phenomenon. Local journal trajectories of the rotor-bearing system were found at different operating conditions solely based on the calculated dynamic coefficients in laminar and turbulent flow. Results show discrepancy between laminar and turbulent models, when shaft stiffness is great than 10, for the entire range of Sommerfeld number by increasing the Reynolds number in turbulent models.