Browsing by Subject "N-shape"
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Economic growth and environmental degradation in Vietnam: Is the environmental Kuznets curve a complete picture? (Elsevier, 2019)Based on a sample of 1974–2016 annual data of Vietnam, we show that the EKC does not exist in the short run but only in the long run. However, the N-shape describes better the long-run income-pollution relationship. This ...